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Creaming Butter and Sugar

science snack

Explore emulsions and the importance of air by experimenting with an essential step in many baking recipes: creaming butter and sugar.

total time:

1 Day

active time:

30 minutes



major equipment:

electric mixer, microscope

materials include:

  • material list with shopping links

  • printable directions and worksheets

  • troubleshooting tips

  • suggestions for tinkering & extension

for educators

essential question(s):

Why is creaming butter and sugar such an important step in baking recipes?


- Identify and explain what type of mixture is formed when creaming butter and sugar
- Observe how a mixture transforms over time due to mechanical action
- Explain how creaming butter and sugar impacts the texture of cookies

science concepts:

solutions and mixtures, energy and thermodynamics

grade levels:




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